Blood glucose levels need to be monitored all the time, especially for diabetic patients. A lot of ways have been devised to test these levels safely and quickly. The tests vary in there degree of accuracy and for there are meant.
Some of them are used to find out pre-diabetic sugar levels, while others will provide accurate data of sugar levels to diabetic patients only.
Here are some tests used for different reasons-
Test #1 - Fasting Blood Glucose Test:
This test is done after fasting overnight and is the best test for knowing if you have diabetes or not. The normal results should be less than 100mg/dl, if you have more than 100mg/dl but less 125mg/dl, you may have symptoms of pre-diabetes. Blood sugar levels beyond 125mg/dl is a sign of diabetes, but you need to reconfirm it by carrying out the same test again after a few days. If after some days you have levels higher than 125mg/dl then you maybe diagnosed with diabetes.
Test #2 - Random blood glucose level test:
This test is useful in providing you with sugar levels anytime during the day. On a normal day you blood sugar levels should be between 140mg/dl - 200mg/dl. If it is more than 200mg/dl then you may have pre-diabetes, you need to consult a doctor for further tests.
Test #3 - Oral sugar tolerance test:
Your reactions to sugar are measured by this test. A fasting sugar level test is given first then after that glucose is administrated, after about 1:30 minutes another sugar level test is taken. The normal values in this test should be less than 140mg/dl. Values between 140mg/dl - 199mg/dl indicates a pre-diabetic condition. Anything higher than 200mg/dl may indicate you have diabetes.
Test #4 - Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test:
This test is usually performed on people who already have diabetes, basically it shows your doctor how much control you have had over your glucose levels over the past 2-3 months. Usually the normal values should be less than %7, beyond that and you may have change the type of treatment you getting.
In the end these blood glucose level tests do not confirm the type of diabetes you have, you will need to consult your doctor for more information on this.
Quick Tip #1
Recent research has suggested that caffeine may be responsible of elevating blood sugar levels, especially after meals. Please consult your doctor on what you can have and what you cannot.
Quick Tip #2
People who have type 2 diabetes should get involved in an exercise regimen. Exercising has also been know to help diabetic patients get rid of there medications.